A recessive mutation, immune deficiency (imd), defines two distinct control pathways in the Drosophila host defense.
Lemaitre B., Kromer-Metzger E., Michaut L., Nicolas E., Meister M., Georgel P., Reichhart J.M. and Hoffmann J.A. (1995) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92:9465-9469.
Communicated by Fotis C. Kafatos, (European Molecular Biology Laboratory), June 23, 1995 (received for review April 13, 1995).
Reviews, labnote reporting Imd discovery
The dorsoventral regulatory gene cassette spätzle/Toll/cactus controls the potent antifungal response in Drosophila adults
B Lemaitre, E Nicolas, L Michaut, JM Reichhart and JA Hoffmann Cell, 1996, Sep 20;86(6):973-83 (Received 13 March 1996; revised 8 August 1996). Reviews. Answers to reviewers AKeyexperiment
Toll deficient mutants infected by Aspergillus fumigatus
Drosophila host defense: Differential induction of antimicrobial peptide genes after infection by various classes of microorganisms.
Lemaitre B., Reichhart J.M. and Hoffmann J.A. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94: 14614-619.
Edited by John H. Law, (received for review, September 3, 1997).
This paper was initially submitted to Science but rejected without reviewing